Charlotte Israel, age 79, in 1989 with her then-husband Mr. Freudenthal, who is holding a blanket-size piece of cloth produced by a flag manufacturer, covered with the yellow badges German Jews were required to wear as of age 6.


The Rosentrassee Foundation serves as an educational constituency for the commemoration of the Rosenstrasse Protest of by non-Jewish wives, who rescued many of the two thousand Jews imprisoned during the Gestapo’s Final Roundup and Elimination of Jews from the Reich Territory arrests launched in Berlin on February 27, 1943, known after the war as the Fabrikaktion (Factory Action). In the only protest of its kind, Gentile wives protested day and night for a week before the Gestapo relented and freed the husbands upon orders from higher-ups.

The accumulation of an archive of personal narratives, documents, and texts create an intertwined background that honors the memory of the women who displayed this important courageous form of resistance together with other German non-Jews who rescued their Jewish partners from the Nazi Holocaust. Their brave efforts reveal what was possible by Germans within specific circumstances toward defeating or at least limiting the scope of the Nazi dictatorship’s efforts to carry out fully its fundamental objective of “racial purification.” The Rosentrassee Foundation recognizes the importance of establishing a reunion for the descendants and relatives of those who experienced the protest first hand as well as other individuals from German intermarried couples who refused to divorce despite overwhelming official and social pressures. The Rosentrassee Foundation serves as a model and an inspiration concerning the importance of protest and the responsibility of the community to make a difference.